Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

A- Automatic

AA– Automatic Aperture

AF- Auto Focus

AL– Ambient Light

AOP– Association of Photographers

AOV– Angle of View

APS- Advanced Photo System

ASA– American Standards Association

AV- Aperture Value/Priority

AWB– Auto White Balance

B- Bulb

CF– Central Focus

CGF– Coloured Glass Filter

CIFF- Camera Image File Format

CM– Centimetres

CN– Colour Negative

CSC– Compact System Cameras

CV– Curriculum Vitae

DC– Digitally Corrected

DNG– Digital Negative

DOF– Depth of Field

DPI– Dots Per Inch

DR– Dynamic Range

DSLR– Digital Single Lens Reflex

EOS– Electric Optical System

EF- Electronic Focus

EFS– Electronic Short Back Focus

EF M– Electronic Focus Mirror-less

EV- Exposure Value/Priority

EVF– Electronic View Finder

FF– Full Frame

F Stop– Aperture

FL– Focal Length

FPM– Frames Per Minute

FP- Focal Plane

FPS– Frames Per Second

HDR– High Dynamic Range

IF– Internal Focus

Inf. Infinity

IR- Infrared

IS– Image Stabilisation

ISO– International Organisation of Standardisation

JPEG– Joint Photographic Experts Group

LCD– Liquid Crystal Display

LED- Light-Emitting Diode

LR– Lightroom

M– Manual

MF– Manual Focus

MM– Millimetres

ND– Neutral Density

NR– Noise Reduction

P- Programme Automatic

PF– Pan Focus

P&S– Point and Shoot Camera

PS– Photoshop

QCD- Quick Control Dial

S- Shutter

TV– Shutter Value/Priority

SLR– Single Lens Reflex

TIC- Thermal Imaging Camera

TIFF– Tagged Image File Format

TLR– Twin-Lens Reflex

UV– Ultra Violet

WB- White Balance

Photographic Phrases/Terms

Bokeh- Japanese word for ‘blur’

Clipping- Histogram over or under exposed

Chimping- Looking at the images on the back of the camera immediately

Doughnuts- Ring shaped Bokeh created by the construction of mirror lens

Dust Bunnies– Clumps of dust that show on the sensor

Fill In- Brighten up shadows in a daylight picture with flash

Flare– Unwanted effect of bright light

Fringing– Can be seen around the edges of a high contrast image

Glass– Term used for describing lenses

Grad- Graduated

Grip and Rip- Setting the camera to its highest continuous shooting mode and holding the shutter button down to capture the fleeting moment

Light Bucket- Is another term for ‘Fast Lens’



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